Superior vena cava syndrome: A medical emergency? - superior vena cava obstruction facial swelling

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superior vena cava obstruction facial swelling - Superior Vena Cava (SVC) Syndrome


Treating superior vena cava obstruction. Treatment of superior vena cava obstruction aims to relieve the blockage. In the case of lung cancer, tumors will be targeted using chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, and/or targeted therapies. Medications such as diuretics or steroids may be used to temporarily reduce the swelling. Jan 03, 2018 · Swelling in the face can be a result of a superior vena cava obstruction. The superior vena cava is a large vein in the chest which carries blood from the upper half of the body into the heart.Author: Katrina Turrill.

Jun 23, 2019 · Superior vena cava syndrome may occur gradually in many patients but can be a cancer-related medical emergency in some situations. If the obstruction of the superior vena cava occurs rapidly, there may not be time for other blood vessels (called collateral blood vessels or circulation) to accommodate the increased blood flow that takes place. Superior vena cava syndrome is a form of vessel obstruction that occurs as a result of mechanical compression or due to thrombosis. Symptoms include facial edema, dyspnea, cough, neck distension, hoarseness and dysphagia, while severe cases may present with coma and severe respiratory distress. The diagnosis can be made clinically, but imaging.

The superior vena cava (SVC) is a big vein in the middle of the chest. It carries blood from the upper body to the heart. If cancer presses on the SVC, it may block the flow of blood along this vein. This is called superior vena cava obstruction (SVCO). SVCO is usually caused by a lung cancer near. SVC obstruction is a narrowing or blockage of the superior vena cava (SVC), which is the second largest vein in the human body. The superior vena cava moves blood from the upper half of the body to the. Skip navigation. U.S. National Library of Medicine Swelling around the eye; Swelling of the face;.

A. Obstruction of the superior vena cava (SVC) occurs when this thin-walled vessel is invaded, compressed, or thrombosed. Blockage of the blood flow often leads to development of the easily recognized superior vena caval syndrome (SVCS) with venous distention, facial edema, headache, tachypnea, cyanosis, and plethora. Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome was originally described as being secondary to an infection. Currently, it is almost exclusively secondary to malignancy. A case of SVC syndrome presenting with dyspnea, facial swelling, neck distension and cough developed over a period of 10 days is reported. The Cited by: 8.